How the public sector is fighting income inequality (and why it's still not enough)

February 28, 2024
1.75 MB68 pages
Click here to read the full report online.

Pay practices in the public sector are helping to narrow Canada’s gender and immigration pay gap, which is key to reducing income inequality.

This report examines hourly pay levels in 2023, adjusting them for 15 known factors, such as age, education, and occupation. The report finds that the private sector pays women 10 per cent less than men and landed immigrants eight per cent less than Canadian citizens.Those discriminatory pay gaps are cut in half by the public sector, which does this by both bringing up the pay for disadvantaged groups and keeping pay lower for advantaged groups, including men and senior executives.

While there is still work to be done to eliminate the gender pay gap, the public sector is further along than the private sector, where the pay gap is twice as big. 

Ce rapport est aussi disponible en francais.