Making the most of the CUSMA review

Worker- and climate-focused options for strengthening North American economic, social, and environmental co-operation
May 30, 2024
1.26 MB64 pages
Click here to read this report online

In 2026, the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement will be up for review—and the possibility of political shakeups means that governments should start preparing now.

This report assesses the functioning of CUSMA to date and suggests ways to expand on the rights-based and worker-centred novelties in the agreement that improved upon the original NAFTA. Though national elections will transform governments in all three countries between now and the 2026 review, the worker-centred trade policy of the current U.S. administration will likely live on. For political, geoeconomic and national security reasons, a bipartisan consensus has emerged on the need to renew North America’s manufacturing base and better protect workers from subsidized—financially or through weaker labour and environmental standards—foreign competition.

This report examines how Canada could prepare, and goals to strive towards, starting today.